Every year, this type of disease is diagnosed in more and more people. The pathology also occurs in adolescents. There are many reasons for the development of pancreatitis, from alcohol abuse, overweight, to gallstone disease. Therefore, it is very important to follow a diet during the illness.
Importance of enzymes in digestion
For normal digestion, pancreatic fluid produced by the pancreas is required. In addition, the liquid protects against the harmful effects of hydrochloric acid. Contains enzymes that break down carbohydrates, proteins and fats. If this does not happen, then most of the food taken is not beneficial to the body.
The liquid contains 4 enzymes. They are distinguished in 3 stages, the activation of which occurs approximately in the first 30-60 minutes after eating. Then there is a gradual decrease in activity and literally in 3-4 hours everything returns to the initial level. If there are problems with the pancreas, then the activation of enzymes occurs very early, as a result of which an inflammatory process or pancreatitis begins.
Fatty foods, consequences of abuse
Fats are found in all foods, even fruits, albeit in minimal amounts. But most of all the fat is in the bacon and lard. For example, 70 g of lard covers the daily dose of fat that the body needs per day. It is clear that no one will limit himself to just a few pieces of bacon a day.
Some products have hidden surprises. For example, Doctor sausage contains 40% fat, although it is considered dietary. These products include popcorn, sauces, yogurt and convenience foods.
Nutritionists advise not to consume more than 1 g of fat per 1 kg of human weight. If the norm is not observed, then overweight begins, which adversely affects all human organs, including the pancreas. Scientists have also been able to prove that fatty food excites the pleasure center of the brain and as a result, even if a person stops consuming fat, he can not get enough ordinary food.
Ways to get rid of painPancreatitis is associated with pain in the hypochondrium. It starts after eating. This can be accompanied by weakness, belching, nausea, and even bowel discomfort. The first step, if an attack has started, is to take antispasmodic medication, if you know which ones. If the attack is severe, then it is better to call doctors.
After two days it is better to stay in the rest of the bed for 2 days. Ice can be applied to the hypochondrium. Until the attack passes, you should not eat, just drink water, which should be warm.
If vomiting is present, it is better to vomit, it will immediately become much easier. It is best to breathe shallowly, holding your breath periodically.
How long is the diet for pancreatitis
The diet for pancreatitis does not have a clear timeline. It all depends on the patient's condition, how fast he is recovering. In the chronic form, a person usually needs to carefully monitor his diet for at least 1. 5 years.
In order not to damage the pancreas and to "help" it to fulfill its functions faster, the following foods should be present in the diet:
- with noodles and vegetables;
- yesterday's bread;
- roasted or boiled fish;
- steamed meat, in the form of rolls, mashed potatoes, pates and cutlets;
- boiled and roasted vegetables;
- dairy and fermented milk products, but low in fat;
- a small amount of butter and vegetable oil;
- ripe fruits without cakes;
- jelly and compote.
However, such a limited set of products will not always be in the diet; gradually, as it improves, the number of products expands.
Limited or partially restricted products
Alas, but the list of forbidden foods for this type of disease is quite impressive. Invalid consumption:
- soup based on meat, fish and mushrooms;
- canned foods;
- fatty meats and fish;
- any fried food;
- boiled eggs;
- caviar; legumes
- barley, corn and millet porridge;
- Prohibited vegetables that cause gas and contain large dietary fiber, for example, radish and cabbage;
- baked goods and fresh bread;
- spicy dishes;
- citrus fruits.
You can not drink coffee, cocoa, strong tea. It is undesirable to drink fluids. Fizzy drinks are strictly forbidden
Diet for chronic pancreatitis
The purpose of dietary nutrition in the presence of pancreatitis is to alleviate the inflammatory process and restore normal glandular function. In the chronic form, food should enter the body every 2-3 hours. You should drink plenty of water, up to 3 liters. Before eating, it is recommended to drink a glass of clean, non-carbonated warm water for about 20 minutes.
It is unacceptable to drink alcohol. You will need to reduce the amount of sugar and salt in your diet to a minimum. You can not eat too much and wash the food. It is best that all products are fully cooked. Dishes should be at room temperature.
Diet for acute pancreatitis
After 2-3 days of fasting, a light diet should be followed. The menu can be structured as follows:
- 3 days after the relief of the symptoms of an attack, weak tea, without sugar, is introduced;
- on day 5, you can already eat carrots or mashed potatoes;
- from the 7th day the introduction of fish is allowed, but not fried or seafood;
- pudding with milk and cottage cheese have been introduced since the 10th day.
It is permissible to consume light soups and beef for 7-10 days. However, they are administered with care, depending on the health condition. If unpleasant symptoms appear after their use, then they are immediately removed from the diet.
Many doctors advise drinking oatmeal jelly, for 3 or 4 days. It has a low calorie content, but at the same time it is very satisfying. Drinking allows you to normalize bowel movements and remove toxins.
Diet for pancreatitis in children
In fact, the diagnosis of pancreatitis is extremely rare in childhood. But more often you can face "reactive pancreatitis". These are temporary problems with the pancreas associated with poor nutrition.
The problem is usually resolved in just a few weeks. However, during this period, you will need to keep the baby on a strict diet.
Any product that contains chemical additives, fragrances, colors is clearly presented. No trips to public catering establishments and harmful fast food.
However, fermented and salty foods, soups, natural sausages, pies, cakes and even ice cream are allowed. But they should not be familiar to the child and can be used after the symptoms of "reactive pancreatitis" have been removed.
Therapeutic diet Table number 5 n list of products
This diet is recommended for chronic pancreatitis, gout, cholecystitis and a number of other diseases. The main purpose of diet number 5p is to restore the normal functioning of the pancreas, liver and gallbladder.
Table 5p provides a rational approach to the amount of protein and carbohydrates. However, fats are almost completely reduced to zero. The menu should not contain foods that contain cholesterol, oxalic acid, purines, essential oils, fats. Salt is also reduced in quantity.
It is recommended to drink warm water on an empty stomach. Food should be completely chopped, eat in small portions. No alcohol. You should eat an average of 5 times throughout the day.
Menu power value should not exceed 2800 kcal. Medication therapy should not be discontinued during the diet.
Example of a diet menu for pancreas for a week
You can create a menu for the week as follows:
|Breakfast||Omelette and black bread, a cup of tea|
|Snack||Cheese and biscuits|
|Lunch||Zucchini and buckwheat porridge|
|Darka||Oatmeal, carrot puree|
|Breakfast||Low-fat shredded cheese, tea|
|Lunch||Vegetable soup, bread, some boiled beef|
|Darka||Boiled chicken, vegetable stew|
|Breakfast||Low fat yogurt and apples|
|Snack||Some cottage cheese|
|Lunch||Puree soup, boiled boiled carp|
|Snack||Croutons, dried apricots|
|Darka||Pudding with rice and cottage cheese, roasted meat|
|Breakfast||Omelet, slice of bread|
|Lunch||Cook with green beans, chicken stew|
|Darka||Rice and steamed chicken|
|Lunch||Light soup, some boiled fish|
|Snack||Selection of ripe fruits|
|Lunch||Lentil soup, boiled beef|
|Darka||Buckwheat porridge, boiled chicken|
|Breakfast||boiled beets, croutons|
|Snack||Baked pumpkin without sauce pasta|
|Lunch||Boiled potatoes, beef stew|
|Darka||Pudding with rice, chicken|
You can drink a glass of kefir before going to bed. And those with a sweet tooth can even afford some milk chocolate.
You should always follow your doctor's recommendations exactly. Even after discharge from the hospital, it is necessary to follow a diet for the allotted time in order to improve its quality of life, to prevent relapse. And to prevent the development of the disease, one should monitor one's own diet from a very early age.