Gout was scientifically confirmed in 1865. The disease was described by Thomas Sendegum in his book A Treatise on Gout, in which he described the signs, symptoms and attacks of the disease he experienced for 30 years.
In the time of Hippocrates it was called the "disease of kings". The causes are considered: excessive and indiscriminate consumption of food and alcohol.
What is goutGout is a pathology associated with the deposition of salts in the joints and kidneys, and is characterized by severe pain in these areas. Progression of the disease leads to recurrent and increasing attacks, which leads to the formation of tufts. These are nodes that lead to a change in the shape of the nodes. There is a steady development of urolithiasis and renal failure.
Diagnosis is performed in the form of collection of synovial fluid and detection of urates in it. X-rays of the affected joints are also taken. When you alleviate inflammation, normalize food, and reduce acid in the urine, this can lead to positive results in treatment.
The disease occurs more often in men after 40 years. Female pathologies are observed in the period after menstruation. Joint damage occurs all over the body, but most often on the feet.
Main causes of gout:
- eating purine food in large quantities;
- poor uric acid secretion from the body;
- purine nuclide catabolism.
Principles of the Gout Diet
The development of gout depends on metabolic disorders in the body. For treatment, diet is an effective way. Good nutrition should be monitored daily. The main principle of the gout diet is the reduction of blood salts. With an excess of it, the kidneys will not be able to work on their own. Failure to follow the diet can lead to relapse. A pain attack can start at any time. This often happens at night. If you do not follow a diet, the disease can progress and spread to all joints.
Treatment should be done at home. It involves adhering to a balanced diet. This is considered a basic and effective method. The menu is compiled by the attending physician, who takes into account the individual characteristics of the patient. Diet is essential to lower uric acid levels.
Dietary characteristics for gout
Purines should not be included in the composition of foods in a ground-based diet, they contribute to the accumulation of acids. Purines are found in meat and fatty foods. Therefore, people with gout are advised to consume more vegetarian meals. The recipes do not include expensive ingredients, and the cooking technique is not complicated. But it is important to combine only the foods allowed.
Food therapy can help treat the symptoms of gout at home.
Eating fatty and spicy foods leads to an attack accompanied by an increase in uric acid and severe pain quite quickly. For example, drinking too much coffee that contains high amounts of purine can cause a relapse. High-risk foods include alcohol, beer, soda, and even grapes. They are completely excluded from the diet of the sick person.
For rapid removal of purines from the body, the patient is prescribed an abundant drinking regimen. The amount of fluid drunk per day reaches 2. 5 liters. In the case of urolithiasis, water with alkali and sodium bicarbonate is required. It is impossible to achieve urine neutralization with an excess of plant proteins and citrus fruits in the diet.
Diet for gout in the legs
Gout diet should be monitored at all times. Since the treatment is performed at home, the person suffering from the disease must have the will and not violate the developed menu. Based on the patient's condition, an individual menu is created with allowed and forbidden products. Dishes can be delicious and varied despite their simplicity. The diet for gout in the legs does not have very strict restrictions, but it should satisfy the sick body and promote a healthy lifestyle.
Disease Diet Mistakes:
- eating purine-containing foods;
- alcohol abuse;
- lack of fluids in the diet;
- large amounts of animal fats;
- excessive consumption of animal proteins;
- table salt and pickles;
- a small amount of vegetables and fruits in the daily diet.
Allowed and forbidden foods in the gout diet
In a gout diet, the patient, in addition to the main treatment, should know about the allowed and forbidden foods. It is impossible to cure this disease or eliminate the symptoms without following the rules in nutrition.
- bakery products, respectively rich products;
- meat (beef, lamb, pork, sausages);
- seafood (fatty types);
- salty and spicy milk; legumes
- vegetables (sorrel, mushrooms);
- fruit (grapes, raspberries, figs);
- sweets and pastries;
- animal fats;
- alcoholic beverages;
- black tea, coffee; sauces
- (mustard, horseradish);
- spices and herbs.
Pay attention!The above products should not be consumed or added to the patient's diet!
At first glance, the gourmet menu may seem boring and tasteless. In fact, this is not the case.
There is a list of products allowed for safe consumption for health:
- bakery products - unpleasant pastries;
- meat - rabbit and chicken;
- boiled fish meat (low fat varieties);
- eggs (1 piece per day);
- dairy products (low fat and not salty);
- not legumes;
- vegetables (potatoes, carrots, onions, garlic, tomatoes);
- fruits (green apples, apricots, tangerines);
- yndyrna bimore;
- fruit teas, natural juices from approved products.
You can also diversify your diet with seeds and nuts:
This is interesting!There was a debate among scientists about the use of tomatoes in the patient's diet. Above all, they contain trace amounts of oxalic acid. It turned out that red vegetables are harmless, but on the contrary are useful because of antioxidants and phytoncides. They eliminate the inflammation that is common with gout. It follows that tomatoes can be eaten with gout in any quantity.
Contraindications for gout
The most popular foods are contraindicated in the gout diet. Due to chronic pathology, you can and should be taught to weaken the vessels, because they are intended to alleviate symptoms and significantly reduce pain. The diet should be followed at all times. Since a cup of coffee or grapes can cause a pain attack.
In the period of gout worsening, medications are used in compliance with a diet. Bed rest is also required. All this stops the inflammatory processes. When preparing meals for the patient, it is best to keep a table with allowed and forbidden foods in a conspicuous place.
Limit your consumption of meat and fish to twice a week. On the recommendation of doctors, fish should be eaten with gills and scales. These fish by-products are excellent at removing toxins from the body. In case of a pain attack, the use of these products is postponed for several weeks.
Semi-finished products and canned foods are categorically contraindicated. Dieta Nr. 6 prohibits the use of fluids. After all, soups and borscht are prepared based on them. The fact is that this exception is quite justified, due to the addition of spices and various spices that can provoke an attack. It would be correct to cook the meat separately, and use the soup from below the vegetables as soup. During the cooking process, the water is drained and changed several times. This reduces concentration and removes purines from the composition.
Gout diet: menu for the week
The disease cannot be cured, especially if the pathology persists along with diabetes or overweight. To reduce recurrences and exacerbations of gout, a special diet is used - table number 6.
The gout diet can be followed all the time, even though the menu is set up for a week. The diet is developed by the attending physician.
There may be several options for such a diet, which do not differ much from each other. The process uses conventional cooking technology.
- tea with cranberry syrup, boiled eggs, tomato salad, rye bread;
- freshly squeezed apple juice, boiled vegetables;
- beet salad, boiled turkey, boiled pumpkin, compote;
- boiled potatoes with cheese, salad with cabbage, rose tincture.
- cottage cheese pudding with sour cream, green tea with honey;
- bran biscuits, chicory drinks;
- vegetable noodle soup, steamed chicken cutlets, fruit drinks;
- vegetable stew, compost;
- soft milk.
- pumpkin pancakes, buckwheat porridge in milk, tea;
- green apples;
- vegetable and rice soup, boiled cod, beet salad, carrot juice;
- boiled buckwheat, apple juice, biscuit liver;
- wheat bran soup.
- lean broth, milk, croutons;
- toast with cheese, chamomile tea;
- mashed potatoes with meatballs, potato pancakes, pancakes, compote;
- roasted zucchini, fruit salad, milk tea;
- fermented baked milk.
- oatmeal, vegetable salad, cherry juice; smoothie
- watermelon, lemon, strawberry and pear, bread;
- mashed potatoes, rabbit stew, cabbage salad, tea;
- boiled eggs, barley soup, jelly;
- oven baked apple with cottage cheese, rose tea.
- wheat porridge, chicory drink;
- gingerbread with kefir;
- boiled chicken with buckwheat, eggplant caviar, tea;
- diet pilaf, cucumber salad, bread, jelly;
- casserole with cheese, pancakes with cheese, tea;
- omelet with quail eggs (4 pieces); Soup with cheese puree
- , toast with garlic, rose tea;
- boiled rice with rice, beet salad;
This is a rough menu, with no forbidden foods for people with gout. A balanced and complete diet allows you to use it for a long time. To achieve a greater effect, it is necessary to perform fasting days.
Diet for gout: nutritionist reviews
The review of the professor of the Department of Gastroenterology and Dietetics is as follows. If medication treatment is ineffective, diet for gout is the main treatment.
The severity of the process affects the nutritional approaches in the treatment of patients, namely:
- seizure frequency;
- plasma uric acid level;
- patient body weight.
In the diet, the amount of purine, fats, proteins, sodium salts and alcohol should be reduced to a minimum.
Eating a diet can quickly lower plasma uric acid and restore normal levels. Effective and healing effect based on natural ingredients.